TEHRAN (Press Shia) – Researchers succeeded to develop bananas high in pro-vitamin A in Uganda. Thanks to the new study, farmers in the African nation will be growing such vitamin-rich bananas in 2021.
A decade-long research, led by Distinguished Professor James Dale, involved extensive laboratory tests at Queensland University of Technology as well as field trials in north Queensland.
Professor Dale said the genetic modification process had resulted in the identification and selection of banana genes that could be used to enhance pro-vitamin A in banana fruit.
The research backed with close to $10 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ultimately aims to improve the nutritional content of bananas in Uganda, where the fruit is the major staple food in their daily diet, according to the report, published in Science Daily.
Professor Dale describes the development of the bio-fortified banana as a significant humanitarian project.
"The East African Highland cooking banana is an excellent source of starch. It is harvested green then chopped and steamed," Professor Dale said.
"But it has low levels of micronutrients particularly pro-vitamin A and iron. The consequences of vitamin A deficiency are severe."
He said it had been estimated that 650,000-700,000 children worldwide die from pro-vitamin A deficiency each year with a further several hundred thousand going blind.
Distinguished Professor James Dale has led a team of scientists who have modified bananas to make them rich in pro-vitamin A. This humanitarian project will improve the nutrition of people in Uganda.
"What we've done is take a gene from a banana that originated in Papua New Guinea and is naturally very high in pro-vitamin A but has small bunches, and inserted it into a Cavendish banana," Professor Dale said.
"Over the years, we've been able to develop a banana that has achieved excellent pro-vitamin A levels, hence the golden-orange rather than cream-colored flesh… Achieving these scientific results along with their publication, is a major milestone in our quest to deliver a more nutritional diet to some of the poorest subsistence communities in Africa,” he noted.
Professor Dale said another really pleasing aspect of the project was the fact that young Ugandan students, who came to QUT to undertake their studies, had now completed their PhDs and were overseeing the research and field trials in Uganda.