TEHRAN (Press Shia) – The Islamic Republic of Iran plans to announce its measures in response to the Western parties’ refusal to meet commitments under the 2015 nuclear deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
According to informed sources on Monday, Tehran will use its rights under the JCPOA to show reaction on the occasion of the anniversary of US decision to withdraw from the deal.
The sources said based on the rights envisioned in JCPOA’s paragraph of 26 on the EU commitments and also in paragraphs of 36 and 37 which are about dispute resolution mechanism, Iran plans to decrease some of its commitments and resume a number of its nuclear activities that have been ceased under the JCPOA.
However, experts believe that Iran’s measures will be within the framework of the JCPOA and will not mean withdrawal from the deal.
Based on paragraph 36 of the deal “If Iran believed that any or all of the E3/EU+3 were not meeting their commitments under this JCPOA, Iran could refer the issue to the Joint Commission for resolution.”
Then, the Joint Commission would have 15 days to resolve the issue.
Also the paragraph 37 says that “Iran has stated that if sanctions are reinstated in whole or in part, Iran will treat that as grounds to cease performing its commitments under this JCPOA in whole or in part.”
Iran and the Group 5+1 (Russia, China, US, Britain, France, and Germany) on July 14, 2015, reached a conclusion over the text of the JCPOA.
The accord took effect in January 2016 and was supposed to terminate all nuclear-related sanctions against Iran all at once, but its implementation has been hampered mainly due to US policies and its eventual withdrawal from the deal.
On May 8, 2018, US President Donald Trump pulled his country out of the JCPOA.
Following the US withdrawal, Iran and the remaining parties launched talks to save the accord.
The European Union has vowed to counter Trump’s renewed sanctions on Iran, including by means of a new law to shield European companies from punitive measures.